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Draw a structural formula for the product of the aldol reaction of each compound andfor

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9781133952848 | Authors: William H. Brown, Brent L. Iverson, Eric Anslyn, Christopher S. Foote ISBN: 9781133952848 483

Solution for problem 19.18 Chapter 19

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

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Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9781133952848 | Authors: William H. Brown, Brent L. Iverson, Eric Anslyn, Christopher S. Foote

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

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Problem 19.18

Draw a structural formula for the product of the aldol reaction of each compound andfor the a,b-unsaturated aldehyde or ketone formed from dehydration of each aldolproduct.

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Thermodynamics & Microstates • thermodynamics - describes the energy of a system —1st law: energy is conserved and cannot be created or destroyed (∆Euniv=∆Esys + ∆Esurr) —2nd law: entropy of an isolated system always increases during spontaneous processes • thermodynamic process—>heat (q) and work (w) • spontaneous - once started a reaction proceeds as long as there are reactants —free energy of products < free energy of reactants (∆G<0) —spontaneous reactions are exothermic • aspects of spontaneity —∆H can be positive or negative —thermodynamics is not the same as kinetics —activation energy required • microstates - specific ways to arrange the available energy of a system —can move with translational or rotational energy —more microstates—>more entropy entropy of a system=Boltzmann constant (Kb) x ln(w) • —ln(w)=# of accessible microstates —rewrite to w=e^S/Kb —ex. 1 mole of N2 has more accessible microstates than 1 mole of Ne because N2 has a higher standard entropy

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 19, Problem 19.18 is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 7
Author: William H. Brown, Brent L. Iverson, Eric Anslyn, Christopher S. Foote
ISBN: 9781133952848

This full solution covers the following key subjects: . This expansive textbook survival guide covers 24 chapters, and 1131 solutions. Since the solution to 19.18 from 19 chapter was answered, more than 252 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7. The answer to “Draw a structural formula for the product of the aldol reaction of each compound andfor the a,b-unsaturated aldehyde or ketone formed from dehydration of each aldolproduct.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 26 words. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 19.18 from chapter: 19 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 03/16/18, 05:02PM. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781133952848.

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Draw a structural formula for the product of the aldol reaction of each compound andfor