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Write a mechanism for the formation of tert-butylbenzene from benzene andtert-butyl

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9781133952848 | Authors: William H. Brown, Brent L. Iverson, Eric Anslyn, Christopher S. Foote ISBN: 9781133952848 483

Solution for problem 22.3 Chapter 22

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

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Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9781133952848 | Authors: William H. Brown, Brent L. Iverson, Eric Anslyn, Christopher S. Foote

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

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Problem 22.3

Write a mechanism for the formation of tert-butylbenzene from benzene andtert-butyl alcohol in the presence of phosphoric acid.

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Chemistry 102 Ch. 16.1-2 Spontaneous Processes and Entropy Definitions & Vocabulary First Law of Thermodynamics- “The law of conservation of energy; energy cannot be created or destroyed” State Function- a function defined for a system that has multiple variables or quantities that lead the system to its new state. State Functions are path independent Ex: mass, pressure, density, energy, temperature, volume, enthalpy, entropy Spontaneous-a systems tendency to react without being acted on by an external influence  Does not signify information about the speed of the reaction. It could be small or large.  Ex: heat transfer from hot cup of coffee to hand when holding the cup  Dissolution of soluble salt  Expansion and diffusion of gas  Phase changes  Chemical reactions Entropy (S)- drives spontaneous processes, and is a measure of molecular randomness/disorder.  Higher entropy is more likely then lower entropy Nonspontaneous Reaction- occurs when an outside influence reacts on the system.  Ex: Turning on the stove to heat up a pot of coffee 2ndLaw of Thermodynamics- The entropy of the universe is always increasing. Equations ∆U=q+w ∆S=S final intial entropy change of the surrounding= quantity of heat (J)/temperature (K) Variables ∆H - Heat transferred w/ constant pressure Chapter Notes  Dispersal of Energy: Entropy  Order of properties in increasing order: S(s)

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 22, Problem 22.3 is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 7
Author: William H. Brown, Brent L. Iverson, Eric Anslyn, Christopher S. Foote
ISBN: 9781133952848

Since the solution to 22.3 from 22 chapter was answered, more than 311 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. The answer to “Write a mechanism for the formation of tert-butylbenzene from benzene andtert-butyl alcohol in the presence of phosphoric acid.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 18 words. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7. This full solution covers the following key subjects: . This expansive textbook survival guide covers 24 chapters, and 1131 solutions. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 22.3 from chapter: 22 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 03/16/18, 05:02PM. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781133952848.

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Write a mechanism for the formation of tert-butylbenzene from benzene andtert-butyl