Show reagents and conditions to bring about the following conversions.
( Valence electrons are the electrons in the outer orbit) Chemistry chapter 5 G.N. Lewis and Bonding Lewis theory fundamental ideas: o Valence electrons are the most important in chemical bonding o Two bond type: Ionic : valence electrons are transferred Covalent : valence electrons are shared o Bond formation results in formation of full outer Bohr orbits. Because this stable configuration typically involves eight electrons, this is commonly known as the OCTET rule o Noble gasses are already stable Lewis Structure Element symbol surrounded by a number of dots equal to the number of valence electrons Ignore the inner or core electrons The order in which electrons (dots) are drawn and their exact location are not critical Octet and Duet Elements without an octet tend to react with other elements to form an octet, except hydrogen which reacts to form a duet Chemical bonding brings together elements in the correct ratios so that all of the atoms involved form an octet Ionic Lewis Structures Since ionic bonding involves the transfer of electrons from a metal to a nonmetal, the Lewis structure for an ionic compound involves moving dots. The metal becomes a cation and the nonmetal becomes an anion Ionic Lewis Structures The metal and the nonmetal each acquire a charge in the formation of an ionic bond We indicate the magnitude of the charges in the upper right corner of