Phenols are less acidic than carboxylic acids, with values of around 10. Phenols are deprotonated by (and therefore soluble in) solutions of sodium hydroxide but not by solutions of sodium bicarbonate. Explain how you would use extractions to isolate the three pure compounds from a mixture of p-cresol (p-methylphenol), cyclohexanone, and benzoic acid.
Organic Chemistry Chapter 2 Alkanes – Straight, Branched, Cycloalkane. Note: remember that sp3 hybridized carbons are tetrahedral, and all bond angles are 109.5 degrees. Hydrocarbons composed of only carbon and hydrogen. Saturated (each carbon has the max amount of hydrogen) = Alkanes (Only CC) Unsaturated = Alkenes (one or more C=C), Alkynes (one or more CC triple bonds), Arenes (one or more rings) Naming Alkanes IUPAC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry) Prefix ( # of Carbons in the chain) and a suffix (the functional groups within the molecule). Use the Suffix (ane) for a saturated hydrocarbon and use the suffix (yl) to show the alkyl group on a branched alkane. When naming an alkene the suffi