In 516, use synthetic division to find the quotient and remainder when: x is divided by x + 3 5 - 4x3 + x

An equivalence relation on a set X is a subset of X×X, i.e., a collection R of ordered pairs of elements of X, satisfying certain properties. Write "xRy" to mean (x,y) is an element of R, and we say "x is related to y," then the properties are 1. Reflexive: aRa for all a in X, 2. Symmetric: aRb implies bRa for all a,b in X 3. Transitive: aRb and bRc imply aRc for all a,b,c in X, where...