×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to Chemistry: The Central Science - 14 Edition - Chapter 5 - Problem 5.40
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to Chemistry: The Central Science - 14 Edition - Chapter 5 - Problem 5.40

Already have an account? Login here
×
Reset your password

?The decomposition of \(\mathrm{Ca}(\mathrm{OH})_{2}(s)\) into CaO(s) and \(\mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(g)\) at constant pressure requires the addition o

Chemistry: The Central Science | 14th Edition | ISBN: 9780134414232 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus ISBN: 9780134414232 1274

Solution for problem 5.40 Chapter 5

Chemistry: The Central Science | 14th Edition

  • Textbook Solutions
  • 2901 Step-by-step solutions solved by professors and subject experts
  • Get 24/7 help from StudySoup virtual teaching assistants
Chemistry: The Central Science | 14th Edition | ISBN: 9780134414232 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Chemistry: The Central Science | 14th Edition

4 5 1 254 Reviews
22
2
Problem 5.40

The decomposition of \(\mathrm{Ca}(\mathrm{OH})_{2}(s)\) into CaO(s) and \(\mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(g)\) at constant pressure requires the addition of 109 kJ of heat per mole of Ca1OH22.

(a) Write a balanced thermochemical equation for the reaction.

(b) Draw an enthalpy diagram for the reaction.

Text Transcription:

Ca(OH)_2(s)

H_2O(g)

Step-by-Step Solution:

Step 1 of 5) Electrons for which the principal quantum number n is larger than the value of n for the electron of interest contribute 0 to the value of S. Electrons with the same value of n as the electron of interest contribute 0.35 to the value of S. Electrons that have principal quantum number n - 1 contribute 0.85, while those with even smaller values of n contribute 1.00. For example, consider fluorine, which has the ground-state electron configuration 1s2 2s2 2p5 . For a valence electron in fluorine, Slater’s rules tell us that S = 10.35 * 62 + 10.85 * 22 = 3.8. (Slater’s rules ignore the contribution of an electron to itself in screening; therefore, we consider only six n = 2 electrons, not all seven). Thus, Zeff = Z - S = 9 - 3.8 = 5.2+, a little lower than the simple estimate of 9 - 2 = 7+.values of Zeff estimated using the simple method outlined in the text, as well as those estimated with Slater’s rules, are plotted in Figure 7.5. While neither of these methods exactly replicates the values of Zeff obtained from more sophisticated calculations, both methods effectively capture the periodic variation in Zeff. While Slater’s approach is more accurate, the method outlined in the text does a reasonably good job of estimating Zeff despite its simplicity. For our purposes, therefore, we can assume that the screening constant S in Equation 7.1 is roughly equal to the number of core electrons.

Step 2 of 2

Chapter 5, Problem 5.40 is Solved
Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 14
Author: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus
ISBN: 9780134414232

Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780134414232. The answer to “?The decomposition of \(\mathrm{Ca}(\mathrm{OH})_{2}(s)\) into CaO(s) and \(\mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(g)\) at constant pressure requires the addition of 109 kJ of heat per mole of Ca1OH22. (a) Write a balanced thermochemical equation for the reaction. (b) Draw an enthalpy diagram for the reaction.Text Transcription:Ca(OH)_2(s)H_2O(g)” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 42 words. Since the solution to 5.40 from 5 chapter was answered, more than 212 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. This full solution covers the following key subjects: . This expansive textbook survival guide covers 29 chapters, and 2820 solutions. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 5.40 from chapter: 5 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 10/03/18, 06:29PM. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 14.

Other solutions

Discover and learn what students are asking

Calculus: Early Transcendental Functions : Conics, Parametric Equations, and Polar Coordinates
?In Exercises 1–6, match the equation with the correct graph. [The graphs are labeled (a), (b), (c), (d), (e), and (f).]










Statistics: Informed Decisions Using Data : Inference about the Difference between Two Medians: Dependent Samples
?Secchi Disk A Secchi disk is an 8-inch-diameter weighted disk painted black and white and attached to a rope. The disk is lowered into water, and the


People also purchased

Related chapters

Unlock Textbook Solution

Enter your email below to unlock your verified solution to:

?The decomposition of \(\mathrm{Ca}(\mathrm{OH})_{2}(s)\) into CaO(s) and \(\mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(g)\) at constant pressure requires the addition o