In Problems 1–5, provide a definition using your own words.
5. Designed experiment
Step 1 of 5) The entire group to be studied is called the population. An individual is a person or object that is a member of the population being studied. A sample is a subset of the population that is being studied. See Figure 1. Obtaining a truthful response to a question such as this is challenging. In Section 1.5, we present some techniques for obtaining truthful responses to sensitive questions.