The Big Bang
Distances to local galaxies are determined by measuring the brightness of stars, called Cepheid variables, that can be observed individually and that have absolute brightnesses at a standard distance that are well known. Explain how the measured brightness would vary with distance, as compared with the absolute brightness.
GEOG4 Lecture 1 Globalization Spread of ideas, resources and technologies around the world Growing interconnections of nations around the globe Countries interacting Interdependence of countries Diffusion of ideas/resources. Uneven/assymetric Meshing of standards and cultures across borders Uniform interdependence, labor ties, currencies When did it begin Started when trades commenced, when transportation and communication first developed th 16 century Always existed Advantages Creates efficiencies; specialization of regions Job loss Advancement in technologies Disadvantages Forces development of backward nations Loss of tax base Global awareness; open-mindedness Increasing inequalities/ exploitation Neocolonialism of South African countries Uneven Geographies of Globalization Production of iPhone Apple Inc. at Cupertino, CA -> Foxconn Technologies Factory at Shenzhen, China. Taiwanese company -> Hengshui Exit (Steele Factory), North China -> Iron from northwestern Australia -> Rare metal from Eastern Congo Shenzhen: fastest growing city in the world. Used to be fishing village. In 25 yrs 13 billion people lived there Foxconn factory: inhumane working conditions Hebei Iron & Steel: Western Australia: Fly-in, Fly-Out Miners Coltan mining: Democratic Republic of Congo; Rwandan supported M23 rebels Mango Mango HQ at Sevilla, Spain -> Mango Global Logistics (shipping) -> Produced in Rana Plaza, Bangalore LECTURE 2 - Globaliz