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?The following electron configurations represent excited states. Identify the element and write its ground-state condensed electron configuration.

Chemistry: The Central Science | 14th Edition | ISBN: 9780134414232 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus ISBN: 9780134414232 1274

Solution for problem 6.80 Chapter 6

Chemistry: The Central Science | 14th Edition

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Chemistry: The Central Science | 14th Edition | ISBN: 9780134414232 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Chemistry: The Central Science | 14th Edition

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Problem 6.80

The following electron configurations represent excited states. Identify the element and write its ground-state condensed electron configuration.

(a) \(1 s^{2} 2 s^{2} 2 p^{4} 3 s^{1}\),

(b) \([\mathrm{Ar}] 4 s^{1} 3 d^{10} 4 p^{2} 5 p^{1}\),

(c) \([\mathrm{Kr}] 5 s^{2} 4 d^{2} 5 p^{1}\).

Text Transcription:

1s22s22p43s1

[Ar]4s13d104p25p1

[Kr]5s2 4d25p1

Step-by-Step Solution:

Step 1 of 5) The following electron configurations represent excited states. Identify the element and write its ground-state condensed electron configuration. AB5 can be thought of as a trigonal planar AB3 arrangement with two additional atoms, one above and one below the equilateral triangle. The octahedral shape for AB6 has all six B atoms at the same distance from atom A with 90° B¬A¬B angles between all neighboring B atoms. Its symmetric shape (and its name) is derived from the octahedron, with eight faces, all of which are equilateral triangles. You may have noticed that some of the shapes we have already discussed are not among the five shapes in Figure 9.3. For example, in Figure 9.2, neither the bent shape of the SO2 molecule nor the trigonal pyramidal shape of the NF3 molecule is among the shapes in Figure 9.3. However, as we soon will see, we can derive additional shapes, such as bent and trigonal pyramidal, by starting with one of our five basic arrangements. Starting with a tetrahedron, for example, we can remove atoms successively from the vertices, as shown in Figure 9.4. When an atom is removed from one vertex of a tetrahedron, the remaining AB3 fragment has a trigonal-pyramidal geometry. When a second atom is removed, the remaining AB2 fragment has a bent geometry.

Step 2 of 2

Chapter 6, Problem 6.80 is Solved
Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 14
Author: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus
ISBN: 9780134414232

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 14. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 6.80 from chapter: 6 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 10/03/18, 06:29PM. This full solution covers the following key subjects: . This expansive textbook survival guide covers 29 chapters, and 2820 solutions. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780134414232. Since the solution to 6.80 from 6 chapter was answered, more than 224 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. The answer to “?The following electron configurations represent excited states. Identify the element and write its ground-state condensed electron configuration. (a) \(1 s^{2} 2 s^{2} 2 p^{4} 3 s^{1}\), (b) \([\mathrm{Ar}] 4 s^{1} 3 d^{10} 4 p^{2} 5 p^{1}\), (c) \([\mathrm{Kr}] 5 s^{2} 4 d^{2} 5 p^{1}\).Text Transcription:1s22s22p43s1[Ar]4s13d104p25p1 [Kr]5s2 4d25p1” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 47 words.

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?The following electron configurations represent excited states. Identify the element and write its ground-state condensed electron configuration.