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Get Full Access to Chemistry: The Central Science - 14 Edition - Chapter 24 - Problem 24.45
Get Full Access to Chemistry: The Central Science - 14 Edition - Chapter 24 - Problem 24.45

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# Draw the molecular structure for (a) an aldehyde that is an isomer of acetone, (b) an ether that is an isomer of 1-propanol.

ISBN: 9780134414232 1274

## Solution for problem 24.45 Chapter 24

Chemistry: The Central Science | 14th Edition

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Problem 24.45 Draw the molecular structure for (a) an aldehyde that is an isomer of acetone, (b) an ether that is an isomer of 1-propanol.
Step-by-Step Solution:

Step 1 of 5) From methanol to formic acid, the number of C-O bonds increases from 0 to 3 (double bonds are counted as two). If you were to calculate the oxidation state of carbon in these compounds, it would range from -4 in methane (if H’s are counted as +1) to +2 in formic acid, which is consistent with carbon being oxidized. The ultimate oxidation product of any organic compound, then, is CO2, which is indeed the product of combustion reactions of carbon-containing compounds (CO2 has 4 C¬O bonds, and C has the oxidation state +4). Aldehydes and ketones can be prepared by controlled oxidation of alcohols. Complete oxidation results in formation of CO2 and H2O, as in the burning of methanol:Controlled partial oxidation to form other organic substances, such as aldehydes and ketones, is carried out by using various oxidizing agents, such as air, hydrogen peroxide 1H2O22, ozone 1O32, and potassium dichromate.Acetic acid can also be produced by the reaction of methanol with carbon monoxide in the presence of a rhodium catalyst:This reaction is not an oxidation; it involves, in effect, the insertion of a carbon monoxide molecule between the CH3 and OH groups. A reaction of this kind is called carbonylation. Carboxylic acids can undergo condensation reactions with alcohols to form esters:Esters are compounds in which the H atom of a carboxylic acid is replaced by a carbon containing group:

Step 2 of 2

##### ISBN: 9780134414232

Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780134414232. This full solution covers the following key subjects: . This expansive textbook survival guide covers 29 chapters, and 2820 solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 14. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 24.45 from chapter: 24 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 10/03/18, 06:29PM. The answer to “Draw the molecular structure for (a) an aldehyde that is an isomer of acetone, (b) an ether that is an isomer of 1-propanol.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 23 words. Since the solution to 24.45 from 24 chapter was answered, more than 220 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer.

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