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Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry) | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780134015187 | Authors: John McMurry, David Ballantine, Carl Hoeger, Virginia Peterson ISBN: 9780134015187 2044

Solution for problem 13.56 Chapter 13

Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry) | 8th Edition

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Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry) | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780134015187 | Authors: John McMurry, David Ballantine, Carl Hoeger, Virginia Peterson

Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry) | 8th Edition

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Problem 13.56

Identify the type of reaction for the following:

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Ionic Equilibria in Aqueous Systems 19.1-19.2 I. Buffers: How They Work  A buffer works to lessen the effect of a change in pH when an acid or base is added to solution. When adding H O+ or3OH- to an unbuffered solution, the pH would change dramatically; a buffered solution prevents this drastic change. o Acid counteracts the effect of hydroxide ions, and base counteracts the effect of hydronium. o Buffers work through the common-ion effect, which occurs when an ion is added to a solution in equilibrium that already contains that ion, meaning that the equilibrium shifts away from producing this ion.  Large amounts of acid/base consume the small amounts of hydroxide or hydronium added: o Remember the equilibrium expression for acid disassociation is:  K a[Base][H O+3 [Acid] o Rearranging this equation equal to H O+ w3uld have the ratio [Acid]/[Base], therefore, if this ratio increases (more acid added) hydronium increases. If this ratio decreases (more base added) hydronium decreases. o Remember that K worka for weak acids, so this makes sense if you think of it as the more acid is added (more dissociation) K aill decrease because there are MORE H 3+.  Work on rearranging this equation yourself to see how this relationship works. o The opposite holds

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 13, Problem 13.56 is Solved
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Textbook: Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry)
Edition: 8
Author: John McMurry, David Ballantine, Carl Hoeger, Virginia Peterson
ISBN: 9780134015187

Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry) was written by Aimee Notetaker and is associated to the ISBN: 9780134015187. This full solution covers the following key subjects: . This expansive textbook survival guide covers 281 chapters, and 240 solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry), edition: 8. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 13.56 from chapter: 13 was answered by Aimee Notetaker, our top Chemistry solution expert on 04/25/22, 03:57PM. The answer to “?Identify the type of reaction for the following:” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 8 words. Since the solution to 13.56 from 13 chapter was answered, more than 206 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer.

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