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Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry) | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780134015187 | Authors: John McMurry, David Ballantine, Carl Hoeger, Virginia Peterson ISBN: 9780134015187 2044

Solution for problem 1.6 Chapter 1.4

Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry) | 8th Edition

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Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry) | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780134015187 | Authors: John McMurry, David Ballantine, Carl Hoeger, Virginia Peterson

Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry) | 8th Edition

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Problem 1.6

Identify the elements represented in each of the following chemical formulas and tell the number of atoms of each element:

(a) \(\mathrm{NH}_{3}\)(ammonia)

 (b) \(\mathrm{NaHCO}_{3}\)(sodium hydrogen carbonate)

(c) \(\mathrm{C}_{8} \mathrm{H}_{18}\)(octane, a component of gasoline)

(d) \(\mathrm{C}_{6} \mathrm{H}_{8} \mathrm{O}_{6}\)(vitamin C)

Text Transcription:

NH_3

NaHCO_3

C_8H_18

C_6H_8O_6

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Notes 9/5 : Fundamentals Thursday, September 7, 2017 8:53 PM Key Terms: • Matter: is anything has mass and/or occupies space • Chemical Changes: changes in chemical properties of a substance (ex. Rusting) • Physical Changes: changes in physical form but not the chemical makeup (ex. melting) • Atoms:basic unit of matter made up of protons neutrons and electrons • Nucleus: Made up of protons (+) and neutrons (no charge) • Orbitals: Ring(s) around the nucleus that hold the electrons (-) Classificationsof Matter: Mixtures Vs. Pure Substances • Can in someway • CANNOT be be separated divided chemically • One single • Heterogeneous: substance Has separate • Ex: sugar components,not the same all the way through • Homogeneous:the same all the way through *In ancient Greece matter was classified into four basic categories: earth, fire, water &air* • The air in our atmosphereis HOMOGENEOUS (the same all the way through). • Most clear substances that you can see through are homogeneous. Subatomic Particles: 1. Electrons  Negative Charge (-)  Revolve around the nucleus in orbitals 2. Protons:  PositiveCharge (+)  Inside nucleus 3. Neutrons  No Charge (0)  Inside nucleus Elemental Properties:  Atomic #= is the # of protons found in t

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Chapter 1.4, Problem 1.6 is Solved
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Textbook: Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry)
Edition: 8
Author: John McMurry, David Ballantine, Carl Hoeger, Virginia Peterson
ISBN: 9780134015187

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