To what extent can orbital overlap be related to bond strength? To what extent might that be a correlation rather than an explanation?
Week One for Chemistry 222 (Honors Section) Textbook Sections 13.1-13.3 and Class Dates 1/22, 1/24, 1/26 for Solutions Notes for my class notes: For this classes notes, week one will be the only time that I type them. My hand writing is very legible, but I find that I learn best from writing and, I can draw pictures when writing notes. Textbook Sections will be posted as pictures of notes at the end. Lecture Notes: • A solution is the solute and the solvent o Solute: the component present in the smaller amount o Solvent: the component present in the larger amount • Fluids that dissolve into each other are miscible; fluids that do not dissolve into each other are immiscible • A saturated solution is in equilibrium with respect to the amount of dissolved solute • A dilute solution is unsaturated, where you can put in more solute • Solubility of a solute is the amount that dissolves at a given temperature • Supersaturated solutions where it contains more dissolved substances than a saturated solution does; created by heating up to saturation and then cooling slowly • Solubility has two factors: o Natural tendencies toward disorder favors dissolving o Relative forces between and within species must be considered ▪ Stronger forces within solute species oppose dissolving • The smaller the ion is, the more surface area will favor a stronger interaction • Higher the charge the more interaction in ions and larger sizes has more interaction