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Atkins' Physical Chemistry | 11th Edition | ISBN: 9780198769866 | Authors: Atkins, Peter; De Paula, Julio; Keeler, James ISBN: 9780198769866 2042

Solution for problem D9E.4 Chapter 9E

Atkins' Physical Chemistry | 11th Edition

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Atkins' Physical Chemistry | 11th Edition | ISBN: 9780198769866 | Authors: Atkins, Peter; De Paula, Julio; Keeler, James

Atkins' Physical Chemistry | 11th Edition

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Problem D9E.4

Explain why the use of Gaussian-type orbitals is generally preferred over the use of hydrogenic orbitals in basis sets.

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Chapter 11: Solutions and Colloids I. Review of Solutions A. Solutions are homogeneous mixtures made up of two or more substances. 1. Solute- substance being dissolved 2. Solvent- substance that is doing the dissolving. Typically, present in largest amount B. Solutions can exist in all 3 physical states 1. Solid solution- metal alloys (two or more metals) Ex: Brass 2. Gas solution- Ex: air - made up of nitrogen, oxygen, and other gases 3. Liquid solution- primarily discussed in this chapter. Mostly solutions where the solvent is water. C. Properties of Solutions 1. The components of solutions are dispersed on a molecular scale; they consist of a mixture of separated molecules, atoms, and/or ions. II. Review of Intermolecular Forces (IMFs) A. Three types of intermolecular attractive forces influence whether substances will form solution. 1. Solute-solute IMFs must be overcome. Energy is consumed; {Endothermic process} 2. Solvent-solvent IMFs must be overcome. Energy is consumed; {Endothermic process} 3. Solvation: Solute-solvent attractive forces are establish. Energy is released. {Exothermic process} B. Solute-Solvent Interactions 1. Hydrogen Bonding- H-bonding can

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Chapter 9E, Problem D9E.4 is Solved
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Textbook: Atkins' Physical Chemistry
Edition: 11
Author: Atkins, Peter; De Paula, Julio; Keeler, James
ISBN: 9780198769866

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