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Atkins' Physical Chemistry | 11th Edition | ISBN: 9780198769866 | Authors: Atkins, Peter; De Paula, Julio; Keeler, James ISBN: 9780198769866 2042

Solution for problem P11A.12 Chapter 11A

Atkins' Physical Chemistry | 11th Edition

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Atkins' Physical Chemistry | 11th Edition | ISBN: 9780198769866 | Authors: Atkins, Peter; De Paula, Julio; Keeler, James

Atkins' Physical Chemistry | 11th Edition

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Problem P11A.12

Refer to Fig. 11A.9, which depicts a Michelson interferometer. The mirror \(\mathbf{M}_{1}\) moves in discrete distance increments, so the path difference p is also incremented in discrete steps. Explore the effect of increasing the step size on the shape of the interferogram for a monochromatic beam of wavenumber \(\tilde{\boldsymbol{V}}\) and intensity \(I_{0}\). That is, draw plots of \(I(p) / I_{0}\) against \(\tilde{v} p\), each with a different number of data points spanning the same total distance path taken by the movable mirror \(\mathbf{M}_{1}\).

Text Transcription:

M_1

tildeV

I_0

Ip/I_0

Tildevp

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Triethylamine=(CH3CH2)3N= -sulfonates act as alkyl halide surrogates and maintain the stereochemistry of the original molecule CHAPTER 6: *NOTE:avoid forming a primary carbocation when making mechanisms *NOTE:look atTable 6.1 in the textbook Nucleophiles 1.Alkoxide ion -sodium hydride can be used to prepare alkoxides -potassium hydride can be used to form tertiary alcohols into alkoxides -sterically hindered 3˚ alkoxides give ONLY elimination 2.Carboxylate ion M+=Li+,K+,Na+ 3.Hydrogen sulfide ion 4.Cyanide ion 5.Azide ion (N3-) -more hydrogens replaced on a C---C double bond means the molecule is more stable Example: -polar,parotid solvent promotes Sn2 reaction -Example:dimethyl sulfoxide -the OH is not a good leaving group when reacting with NaCN and dimethyl sulfoxide alone=no reaction -see slide 6-5 -don't use CN for the protonation of OH Halide Nucleophiles Fastest I- > Br- > Cl- > F- Slowest Best leaving group I- > Br- > Cl- > F- Worst leaving group -nucleophilic substitution at Csp3 Most reactive RI > RBr > RCl > RF Least reactive *NOTE:a concerted reaction is a one-step mechanism HOMO=highest occupied molecular orbital HOAO=highest occupied atomic orbital Steric Effects on Sn2 -methyl is least sterically hindered so fastest rate -1˚ is slower -2˚ is even slower -3˚ very hindered,too slow=no reaction ß steric hinderance: -if t

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Chapter 11A, Problem P11A.12 is Solved
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Textbook: Atkins' Physical Chemistry
Edition: 11
Author: Atkins, Peter; De Paula, Julio; Keeler, James
ISBN: 9780198769866

Since the solution to P11A.12 from 11A chapter was answered, more than 201 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. The full step-by-step solution to problem: P11A.12 from chapter: 11A was answered by Aimee Notetaker, our top Chemistry solution expert on 04/25/22, 03:45PM. This full solution covers the following key subjects: . This expansive textbook survival guide covers 327 chapters, and 1120 solutions. Atkins' Physical Chemistry was written by Aimee Notetaker and is associated to the ISBN: 9780198769866. The answer to “?Refer to Fig. 11A.9, which depicts a Michelson interferometer. The mirror \(\mathbf{M}_{1}\) moves in discrete distance increments, so the path difference p is also incremented in discrete steps. Explore the effect of increasing the step size on the shape of the interferogram for a monochromatic beam of wavenumber \(\tilde{\boldsymbol{V}}\) and intensity \(I_{0}\). That is, draw plots of \(I(p) / I_{0}\) against \(\tilde{v} p\), each with a different number of data points spanning the same total distance path taken by the movable mirror \(\mathbf{M}_{1}\).Text Transcription:M_1tildeVI_0Ip/I_0Tildevp” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 84 words. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Atkins' Physical Chemistry, edition: 11.

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