Use mathematical software to evaluate W for N=20 for at least ten distributions over a uniform ladder of energy levels with separation \(\varepsilon\), ensuring that the total energy is constant at \(10 \varepsilon\). Identify the configuration of greatest weight, expressing the temperature as a multiple of \(\varepsilon\), and compare it to the distribution predicted by the Boltzmann expression. Explore what happens as the value of the total energy is changed.

Text Transcription:

varepsilon

10 varepsilon

4.16-4.20 Monday,April16,2018 12:18PM Whichacidwouldyouchoosetocreateabuffer withpH=7.35Ifyouhave500.0mLofa0.10M solutionoftheacid,whatmassofthe correspondingsodiumsaltoftheconjugatebase doyouneedtomakethebuffer chlorousacid(HClO2) pKa=1.9 formicacid(HCHO2) pKa=3.74 nitrousacid(HNO2) pKa=3.34 hypochlorousacid(HClO)pKa=7.54