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Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry) | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780134015187 | Authors: John McMurry, David Ballantine, Carl Hoeger, Virginia Peterson ISBN: 9780134015187 2044

Solution for problem 9.18 Chapter 9.8

Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry) | 8th Edition

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Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry) | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780134015187 | Authors: John McMurry, David Ballantine, Carl Hoeger, Virginia Peterson

Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry) | 8th Edition

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Problem 9.18

How many grams are in 1 Eq of the following ions? How many grams in 1 mEq?

(a) \(\mathrm{K}^{+}\)

(b) \(\mathrm{Br}^{-}\)

(c) \(\mathrm{Mg}^{2+}\)

(d) \(\mathrm{SO}_{4}{ }^{2-}\)

(e) \(\mathrm{Al}^{3+}\)

(f) \(\mathrm{PO}_{4}^{3-}\)

Text Transcription:

K^+

Br^-

Mg^2+

SO_4^2-

Ai^3+

PO_4^3-

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Devan Atteberry 4/8/2016 Chem 312 Week #2: Functional Groups and Resonance Functional Groups Carboxylic acid Random, carbon double bonded to oxygen, oxygen, hydrogen (COOH) - Tends to be acidic Ester Random, carbon double bonded to oxygen, oxygen, carbon (COOC) - Common in natural compounds - Can be fragrant Ketone carbon double bonded to oxygen, carbon Aldehyde Random, carbon double bonded to oxygen, hydrogen Amide Random, carbon double bonded to oxygen, nitrogen Alcohol Carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen Amine Carbon, nitrogen - Can have more than one carbon as long as it isn’t double bonded to oxygen - Tends to be basic (proton acceptor) Alkene carbon double bonded to carbon Alkyne carbon triple bonded to carbon Alkane carbon single bonded to other carbons Strengths of Acids - Values of pKa less than zero indicate a strong acid - Oxygen will always have a charge if bonded to more than two elements - When oxygen only has two bonds it is neutral - In an equilibrium reaction you go from stronger acid to lesser acid o Favor the products  Keq greater than 1  Product less acidic than reactants Rationalizing Acid Base Trends (1) Inductive Effect - chlorine is more electronegative than carbon which induces a dipole thus making the OH bond weaker and less polar which increases the acidity - resonance (2) Hyrbridization - Sp3 < Sp2< Sp more acidic (3) H-bonding (intramolecular) Resonance - Multiple ways to represent exact same molecule, but not exactly precise - General trends of resonance o (1) lone pair next to a pi bond o (2) pi bond next to pi bond o (3) Empty P-orbital next to pi bond o (4) Empty P-orbital next to lonepair - Only really be considered about resonance when lone pair is involved - Trigonal parametal = 3 bonds plus a lone pair - There is no need to worry about resonance when there are Pi bonds connected to the element in question

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 9.8, Problem 9.18 is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry)
Edition: 8
Author: John McMurry, David Ballantine, Carl Hoeger, Virginia Peterson
ISBN: 9780134015187

Since the solution to 9.18 from 9.8 chapter was answered, more than 200 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 9.18 from chapter: 9.8 was answered by Aimee Notetaker, our top Chemistry solution expert on 04/25/22, 03:57PM. Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry) was written by Aimee Notetaker and is associated to the ISBN: 9780134015187. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry), edition: 8. The answer to “?How many grams are in 1 Eq of the following ions? How many grams in 1 mEq? (a) \(\mathrm{K}^{+}\)(b) \(\mathrm{Br}^{-}\)(c) \(\mathrm{Mg}^{2+}\)(d) \(\mathrm{SO}_{4}{ }^{2-}\)(e) \(\mathrm{Al}^{3+}\)(f) \(\mathrm{PO}_{4}^{3-}\)Text Transcription:K^+Br^-Mg^2+SO_4^2-Ai^3+PO_4^3-” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 26 words. This full solution covers the following key subjects: . This expansive textbook survival guide covers 281 chapters, and 456 solutions.

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