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The azide ion, N3 -, is linear with two N—N bonds of equal

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward ISBN: 9780321696724 27

Solution for problem 100AE Chapter 9

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition

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Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321696724 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition

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Problem 100AE

Problem 100AE

The azide ion, N3 -, is linear with two N—N bonds of equal length, 1.16 Å. (a) Draw a Lewis structure for the azide ion., (b) With reference to Table is the observed N—N bond length consistent with your Lewis structure? (c) What hybridization scheme would you expect at each of the nitrogen atoms in N3 -?

Table Average Bond Lengths for Some Single, Double, and Triple Bonds

Bond

Bond Length (Å)

Bond

Bond Length (Å)

C—C

1.54

N—N

1.47

C═C

1.34

N═N

1.24

C≡C

1.20

N≡N

1.10

C—N

1.43

N—O

1.36

C═N

1.38

N═O

1.22

C≡N

1.16

 

 

 

 

O—O

1.48

C—O

1.43

O═O

1.21

C═O

1.23

 

 

C≡O

1.13

 

 

, (d) Show which hybridized and unhybridized orbitals are involved in the formation of s and p bonds in N3 -., (e) It is often observed that s bonds that involve an sp hybrid orbital are shorter than those that involve only sp2 or sp3 hybrid orbitals. Can you propose a reason for this? Is this observation applicable to the observed bond lengths in N3 -?

Step-by-Step Solution:
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Cell Biology BIOL 225 Chapter 2 – The Chemical Basis of Life Important Functional Groups to Consider Types of Bonds • Covalent Bonds – Sharing of electrons, strong bonds, 80-­‐100 kcal/mol to br

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Chapter 9, Problem 100AE is Solved
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Textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science
Edition: 12
Author: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward
ISBN: 9780321696724

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The azide ion, N3 -, is linear with two N—N bonds of equal