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# Using the van der Waals EquationIf 10.00 mol of an ideal ## Problem 16PE Chapter 10

Chemistry: The Central Science | 12th Edition

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Problem 16PE

Using the van der Waals Equation

If 10.00 mol of an ideal gas were confined to 22.41 L at 0.0 °C, it would exert a pressure of 10.00 atm. Use the van der Waals equation and Table to estimate the pressure exerted by 1.000 mol of Cl2(g) in 22.41 L at 0.0 °C.

Table Van der Waals Constants for Gas Molecules

 Substance a(L2@atm/mol2) b(L/mol) He 0.0341 0.02370 Ne 0.211 0.0171 Ar 1.34 0.0322 Kr 2.32 0.0398 Xe 4.19 0.0510 H2 0.244 0.0266 N2 1.39 0.0391 O2 1.36 0.0318 F2 1.06 0.0290 Cl2 6.49 0.0562 H2O 5.46 0.0305 NH3 4.17 0.0371 CH4 2.25 0.0428 CO2 3.59 0.0427 CCl4 20.4 0.1383

A sample of 1.000 mol of CO2(g) is confined to a 3.000-L container at 0.000 °C. Calculate the pressure of the gas using (a) the ideal-gas equation and (b) the van der Waals equation.

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##### ISBN: 9780321696724

The answer to “Using the van der Waals EquationIf 10.00 mol of an ideal gas were confined to 22.41 L at 0.0 °C, it would exert a pressure of 10.00 atm. Use the van der Waals equation and Table to estimate the pressure exerted by 1.000 mol of Cl2(g) in 22.41 L at 0.0 °C.Table Van der Waals Constants for Gas MoleculesSubstancea(L2@atm/mol2)b(L/mol)He0.03410.02370Ne0.2110.0171Ar1.340.0322Kr2.320.0398Xe4.190.0510H20.2440.0266N21.390.0391O21.360.0318F21.060.0290Cl26.490.0562H2O5.460.0305NH34.170.0371CH42.250.0428CO23.590.0427CCl420.40.1383A sample of 1.000 mol of CO2(g) is confined to a 3.000-L container at 0.000 °C. Calculate the pressure of the gas using (a) the ideal-gas equation and (b) the van der Waals equation.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 92 words. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 12. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 16PE from chapter: 10 was answered by Sieva Kozinsky, our top Chemistry solution expert on 04/03/17, 07:58AM. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by Sieva Kozinsky and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321696724. This full solution covers the following key subjects: mol, gas, van, Waals, equation. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 49 chapters, and 5471 solutions. Since the solution to 16PE from 10 chapter was answered, more than 282 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer.

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