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Solved: A galvanic cell consists of a silver electrode in

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro ISBN: 9780321809247 1

Solution for problem 18.77 Chapter 18

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

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Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

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Problem 18.77

A galvanic cell consists of a silver electrode in contact with 346 mL of 0.100 M AgNO3 solution and a magnesium electrode in contact with 288 mL of 0.100 M Mg(NO3)2 solution. (a) Calculate E for the cell at 25C. (b) A current is drawn from the cell until 1.20 g of silver have been deposited at the silver electrode. Calculate E for the cell at this stage of operation.

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AnthropologicalTheory • Atheoryisasystematicorganizationofideasproposedtoexplainaphenomenon o Answerquestionswewanttounderstand o Aworldvieworwayofunderstandingtheworld • Whatisatheoreticalperspective o Asetofassumptionsaboutrealitythatunderliesthequestionsweaskandthe kindsofanswerswearriveatasaresult § Helpstoshapekindsofquestionsyoumightask § Answersyoumayfeelareadaptable o Aconceptualframeworkthatinformshowwecollectandanalyzeourdataand whichcolorsourinterpretations § Similartoreligion/ideology/setofbeliefs • ExamplesofPerspectives: o Evolutionism(late19 century) § Cultures,likebiologicalorganisms,evolve § Culturesevolveinunlinealevolution • Unlinealevolution=onelineorpaththroughwhichcultures evolve § Prevailingview § Cultureevolvesinuniform/progressivemanner § LewisHenryMorgan § EdwardTyler(culturedefiner) § Manyideasdisprovedthistheory/itwentoutoffashion § Savageryàbarbarismàcivilization o HistoricalParticularism § FranzBoasandhisstudents • Four-fieldAnthropology o Relationshipsbetweencultureandbiology,adaptationand variationarerecognized § Gatheringdataandanalyzingitaccordingtoscientificmethod § Rootedinthenotionthateachcultureisuniqueandintelligibleonlyinits ownterms • Culturalrelativismvs.ethnocentrism § Rejectsthecomparativemethod § Factorslikeculturaldiffusion,trade,environmentandhistorical processes/accidentscausesculturestolookmore/lesslikeeachotherand demonstrateuniquehistories § Criticsthoughtitwasanti-theoreticalbecausetheycouldn’tmakea statementabouteveryoneintheworld o Functionalism § Socialsystems=biologicalorphysiologicalsystems § Integratedwhole § Anysocialpracticeexistsbecauseitperformsusefulfunctions § Allcustomsandinstitutionsinasocietyareinterrelated § Eachaspectofaculturewasafunctionoftheothers § Adjustforwhatwasatheoreticaldeficit § Createbroadlyapplicablegeneralizationstodescribeeveryone § Branches • Needsfunctionalism:ForMalinowski,biologicalneedswere preeminent(food,shelter,sex)andotheraspectsofaculture developedtohelpfulfillthoseneeds o biological • Structuralfunctionalism:customsandsocialpracticesfunctionin ordertopreservethesocialstructure o Supportcultureitselfandreproductionofform o Neoevolutionism § RenewedinterestinWHYcultureschangeorevolve § Notenoughattentiontoprogressofculturalchange § “new”evolution § socialandculturalevolution § howsocietybecomesmorecomplexandwhatdrivestheseprocesses § determinism • culturesevolveasaresultofvariousfactors: o environmentaldeterminism § change(likeclimate)needtobeadaptedto o technologicaldeterminism § advancements o economicdeterminism § organization o Today(late20 and21 centuryapproaches) § AgencyandPractice(complimentary) • Agency o Theideathattheactionsofindividuals,aloneandin groups,createandtransformculture o Humanagencies • Practice o Culturesaregeneratedandtransformedbythepractices ofindividuals–thethingsthatwedo o Thosepracticesareinformedbothbysociety(social structure)andagency o Culturalpractices § FoldingSocksexample: • Manywaystofoldsocks • Learnedfromparents • SomepersistentculturalnormsORthingsthatcanchangequickly o Lettersàemail(tenyears)relativelyquick § Moderntheory:complexrelationships • Concernedwithunderstandingcomplexrelationshipsbetween o Culture o History o Power o Environment • Top-down–world,societies,nations • Bottom-up–communities,households,individuals LanguageandCommunication • Language o Theprimarymeansofhumancommunication o Canbespokenorwritten o Transmittedthroughlearning o Facilitateslearning o Highlysymbolicandcomplex o Expressextremelycomplexthoughts § Comparedtootherearlierspecies § Ex.theterm“lion”vs“WorldWarII”–somanythings o Culturallysituationassociations o Languageispowerfultotransmitideas o Likemindcontrol • LanguageandHumanEvolution o Advantageousbiologicaladaptation o Permits: § ComplexCommunication § Learningofpracticesandskillsets § Cooperation • Non-verbalCommunication o Bodylanguage § Facialexpressions,bodilystances,gestures,movements § Consciousandunconscious • Culturalcontext § Conveyspowerrelations • Insecureàsmall o Releasesstresshormone • Poweràtall/big o Releasehormonethatmakesyoufeelmoreconfident o Ex.animalsgg` § Shapeshowothersseeusandhowweseeourselves o Culturaldifferencesinnon-verbalcommunication § Handgestures(regulators) § Differentmeaningindifferentcultures § Ex.US“okay”=Japanmoney=France“worthlessness” § Ex.US“peace”=UKfinger § Ex.nodding:US“uhhuh”=“no”inMadagascar • Linguistics o Thescientificstudyofthehumanlanguage o Includesthreeparts: § Languageform § Languagemeaning § Languageinculturalcontext o Languageform:componentsoflinguisticanalysis § Phonologyisthestudyofspeechsounds § Morphologyistheformationandcompositionofwords § Syntaxreferstotheformationandcompositionofphrasesandsentences fromthesewords o LanguageandMeaning § Semantics–alanguage’smeaningsystemorhowmeaningisinferred fromwordsandconcepts • “It’samatterofsemantics” • meaningsystem • inferred/understood § UniversalistvsRelativistapproaches • Universalgrammar o Argumentthatthehumanbraincontainsalimitedsetof rulesfororganizinglanguage o Thusalllanguageshaveacommonstructuralbasis–ora “universalgrammar” o Supportedby: § Translationbetweenlanguages § Creolelanguages • LinguisticRelativityortheSapir-Whorfhypothesis o Thisprincipleholdsthatthestructureofalanguageaffects thewaysinwhichitsspeakersconceptualizetheirworld o Weunderstandtheworldintermsofourlanguage o Grammaticalcategoriesallowourspeakerstothinkin differentways • FocalVocabulary o Thesetsofwordsthatdescribeparticulardomainsofexperiencethatare especiallyimportantinaculture o Ex.Saamiwordsfortypesofreindeerandtypesofsnow • LinguisticDiversity o Styleshifts § Varyingone’sspeechincertainsocialcontexts § ChurchtalkvsSaturdayNightDTtalk o Diglossia § Languagewith“high”9formal)and“low”(informal)dialects § Church,writing,media • LanguageandSocialCapital o Localdialectsasmarkersofsocio-economicstatus § Ex.movie“MyFairLady” • Dialectshifttomakepeoplebelieveapoorwomencomesfroma better,highereconomicandsocialclass o Stereotypesaboutpeoplebasedonhowtheytalk o Cultivatingaccentsandlosingaccents • GrammaticalGender o French/German/Spanish–wordsaregendered o Sweden–recentlymadeanewgenderpronountorespectLGBTQ • LanguageLoss o Somelanguagesclosetoextinction

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Chapter 18, Problem 18.77 is Solved
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Textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach
Edition: 3
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780321809247

Since the solution to 18.77 from 18 chapter was answered, more than 279 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. Chemistry: A Molecular Approach was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321809247. This full solution covers the following key subjects: Cell, electrode, silver, calculate, solution. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 82 chapters, and 9454 solutions. The answer to “A galvanic cell consists of a silver electrode in contact with 346 mL of 0.100 M AgNO3 solution and a magnesium electrode in contact with 288 mL of 0.100 M Mg(NO3)2 solution. (a) Calculate E for the cell at 25C. (b) A current is drawn from the cell until 1.20 g of silver have been deposited at the silver electrode. Calculate E for the cell at this stage of operation.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 70 words. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 18.77 from chapter: 18 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 02/22/17, 04:35PM. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, edition: 3.

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Solved: A galvanic cell consists of a silver electrode in