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The potential for a cell based on the standard hydrogen

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro ISBN: 9780321809247 1

Solution for problem 18.146 Chapter 18

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

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Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

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Problem 18.146

The potential for a cell based on the standard hydrogen electrode and the half-reaction Mn1(aq) 1 ne2 M(s) was measured at several concentrations of Mn1(aq), giving the following plot. What is the value of n in the half-reaction? 0.635 0.8 Ecell (V) 0.60.4 log (1/[Mn1]) 0.20 0.640 0.645 0.650 0.655

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Monetarypolicyreferstotheactionsthefedtakestomanagethemoneysupplyand interestratestoachieveitsmacroeconomicpolicygoals Fourmainmonetarypolicygoals:pricestability,highemployment,stabilityof financialmarketsandinstitutions,economicgrowth Pricestability-inflations-theyneedtofightrecessions Highemployment-unemployedworkersandunderusedbuildingsreducegdpbelow itspotentiallevel. Stabilityoffinancialmarketsandinstitutions-anefficientflowoffundsfromsavers toborrowerswilloccur. Economicgrowth-importanttoraisinglivingstandards.Allowshouseholdsand firmstoplanaccuratelyandencouragesfirmstoengageininvestmentthatis neededtosustaingrowth Money-anyassetthatpeoplearegenerallywillingtoacceptinexchangeforgoods andservicesorforpaymentofdebts Asset-anythingofvalueownedbyapersonorafirm Bartereconomies-goodsandservicesaretradeddirectlyforothergoodsor services. Commoditymoney-agoodusedasmoneythatalsohasvalueindependentofitsuse asmoney Fourfunctionsofmoney:itmustactasamediumofexchange,mustserveasaunit ofaccount,serveasastoreofvalue,offerastandardofdeferredpayment Mediumofexchange-sellersarewillingtoacceptitinexchangeforgoodsor services Unitofaccount-awayofmeasuringvalueintheeconomyintermsofmoney Storeofvalue-ifyoudonotuseallyourdollarstobuygoodsandservicestoday,you canholdtheresttouseinthefuture Standardofdeferredpayment-canfacilitateexchangeatagivenpointintimeby providingamediumofexchangeandunitofaccount Moneysupply-currency:allthepapermoneyandcoinsheldbyhouseholdsand firms.Thevalueofallcheckingaccountdepositsinbanks.Thevalueoftraveler’s checks M2:includesallofM1,plussavingsaccountdeposits,smalldenominationtime deposits,balancesinmoneymarketdepositaccountsinbanks,andnoninstitutional moneymarketfundshares Moneymarketmutualfunds-theyinvestinveryshorttermbonds Fractionalreservebankingsystem-bankskeeplessthan100percentofdepositsas reserves Bankrun-asituationinwhichmanydepositorssimultaneouslydecidetowithdraw moneyfromabank Bankpanic-asituationinwhichmanybanksexperiencerunsatthesametime Discountloans-loansthefederalreservemakestobanks Discountrate-interestrateitchargesontheloans Threemonetarypolicytools:openmarketoperations,discountpolicy,andreserve requirements Openmarketoperations-thebuyingandsellingoftreasurysecuritiesbythefederal reserveinordertocontrolthemoneysupply discountpolicy-byloweringthediscountrate,thefedencouragesbankstotake additionalloansandtherebyincreasetheirreserves Reserverequirements-whenthefedreducestherequiredreserveratio,itconverts required Acorporationsstockholders’equityisalsocalleditsnetworth Thekeyassetsonabanksbalancesheetareitsreserves–depositsthatabankkeeps ascashinitsvaultorondepositwiththeFederalReserve-loans,andholdingsof securities. Requiredreserves-reservesthatabankislegallyrequiredtohold,basedonits checkingaccountdeposits. Requiredreserveratio-theminimumfractionofdepositsbanksarerequiredbylaw tokeepasreserves Excessreserves-reservesthatbanksholdoverthelegalrequirement.

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Chapter 18, Problem 18.146 is Solved
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Textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach
Edition: 3
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780321809247

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The potential for a cell based on the standard hydrogen