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Ammonia appears in Table 1-5 both as an acid and as a

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr ISBN: 9780321768414 33

Solution for problem 14P Chapter 1

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

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Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

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Problem 14P

Ammonia appears in Table 1-5 both as an acid and as a conjugate base.

(a) Explain how ammonia can act as both an acid and a base. Which of these roles does it commonly fill in aqueous solutions?

(b) Show how water can serve as both an acid and a base.

(c) Calculate Ka and pKa for the hydronium ion, H3O+.

(d) Show how methanol (CH3OH) can serve as both an acid and a base. Write an equation for the reaction of methanol with sulfuric acid.

Step-by-Step Solution:

Answer :

Step 1:

An acid is any species that can donate a proton .

Ammonia has a proton bonded to nitrogen ,so ammonia can be a weak acid .A base is a proton acceptor ,that is it must have a pair of electrons to share with a proton .

Any atom with an unshared electron pair can be a base ,the nitrogen in ammonia has an unshared electron pair so ammonia is basic .

In water ammonia is too weak acid to give up its proton,it acts as a base and pulls a proton from water to a small extent.

Step 2 of 2

Chapter 1, Problem 14P is Solved
Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: L.G. Wade Jr
ISBN: 9780321768414

The answer to “Ammonia appears in Table 1-5 both as an acid and as a conjugate base.(a) Explain how ammonia can act as both an acid and a base. Which of these roles does it commonly fill in aqueous solutions?(b) Show how water can serve as both an acid and a base.(c) Calculate Ka and pKa for the hydronium ion, H3O+.(d) Show how methanol (CH3OH) can serve as both an acid and a base. Write an equation for the reaction of methanol with sulfuric acid.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 82 words. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 8. This full solution covers the following key subjects: acid, base, both, ammonia, methanol. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 25 chapters, and 1336 solutions. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 14P from chapter: 1 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:41PM. Since the solution to 14P from 1 chapter was answered, more than 1190 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321768414.

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