The following compounds are only slightly soluble in water, but one of them is very soluble in a dilute aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide. The other is still only slightly soluble.
(a) Explain the difference in solubility of these compounds in dilute sodium hydroxide.
(b) Show how this difference might be exploited to separate a mixture of these two compounds using a separatory funnel.
Here we have to explain the difference of solubility in between the following compounds:-
And we also have to show how this difference might be exploited to separate a mixture of these two compounds using a separatory funnel.
The given molecule is a phenol. In this structure the OH group is bonded to benzene ring.
Phenol is acidic in nature. So it will react will NaOH and forms phenoxide ion .Phenoxide ion is fairly soluble in water.