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Suggest carbonyl compounds and reducing agents that might

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr ISBN: 9780321768414 33

Solution for problem 43SP Chapter 10

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

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Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

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Problem 43SP

Suggest carbonyl compounds and reducing agents that might be used to form the following alcohols.

(a) octan-1-ol

(b) 1-cyclohexylpropan-1-ol

(c) 1-phenylbutan-1-ol

(d)

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Answer :

For carbonyl compounds the reducing agent agents used are NaBH4 in presence of methyl alcohol gives alcohols .

NaBH4 will reduce many organic carbonyls, depending on the precise conditions. Most typically, it is used in the laboratory for converting ketones and aldehydes to alcohols.

It will reduce acyl chlorides, thiol esters and imines.

 Under typical conditions, it will not reduce esters, amides, or carboxylic acids. At room temperature, the only acid derivatives it reduces are acyl chlorides, which are exceptionally electrophilic.

Lithium aluminium hydride is widely used in organic chemistry as a reducing agent .It is more powerful than the related reagent sodium borohydride owing to the weaker Al-H bond compared to the B-H bond.

Often as a solution in diethyl ether and followed by an acid workup, it will convert esters, carboxylic acids, acyl chlorides, aldehydes, and ketones into the corresponding alcohols Similarly, it converts amide,nitro, nitrile, imine, oxime, and azide compounds into the amines . It reduces quaternary ammonium cations into the corresponding tertiary amines.

(a) octan-1-ol

(b) 1-cyclohexylpropan-1-ol

(c)...

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 10, Problem 43SP is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: L.G. Wade Jr
ISBN: 9780321768414

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Suggest carbonyl compounds and reducing agents that might

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