What did Democritus contribute to our modern understanding of matter?
Democritus is an Ancient Greek pre-Socratic philosopher primarily remembered today for his formulation of an atomic theory of the universe.
According to Democritus' atomic theory, everything is made up of atoms, which are physically indivisible: atoms are indestructible, eternal and invisible, small and unable to be diminished. He also stated that atoms occupy space and differ in size, shape, magnitude, position and arrangement. In his model, atoms are homogeneous.
Using this as a basis to the...