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Solved: Locate each group on the periodic table and list the charge of the ions it tends

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 21Q Chapter 4

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 21Q

Locate each group on the periodic table and list the charge of the ions it tends to form.

(a) Group 1A

(b) Group 2A

(c) Group 3A

(d) Group 6A

(e) Group 7A

Step-by-Step Solution:

Solution 21Q

Step 1:

Here, we have to Locate each group on the periodic table and list the charge of the ions formed. So, first let’s see how is periodic table arranged :

        

  • In the periodic table, the elements are arranged in order of their atomic number.  By arranging the elements in this way, those with similar properties (characteristics) are grouped together.
  • Periodic table is arranged as a grid. The periodic table has rows running left to right, and columns running up and down. The rows are called Periods and the columns are called Groups.
  • There are 18 groups (columns) in the periodic table.
  • The elements on the leftmost part of the table are metals. The elements on the right are nonmetals and rightmost are noble gases. These are main group elements,  whose properties tend to be largely predictable based on their position in the periodic table. Main-group elements are in columns labeled with a number and the letter A.
  • There are transition elements or transition metals, whose properties tend to be less predictable based simply on their position in the periodic table.  Transition elements are in columns labeled with a number and the letter B.
  • The charges of the elements are based on ionization energy of the elements. Ionization energy is the energy required to remove an electron from a gaseous atom or ion.
  • As we move upwards and from left to right across the periodic table, the ionization energy increases and as we move downwards, the ionization energy decreases. This is shown in the diagram below :

Ionization_energy_periodic_table.jpg

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 4, Problem 21Q is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

The answer to “Locate each group on the periodic table and list the charge of the ions it tends to form.(a) Group 1A(b) Group 2A(c) Group 3A(d) Group 6A(e) Group 7A” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 28 words. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. This full solution covers the following key subjects: Group, list, Charge, ions, form. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 19 chapters, and 2046 solutions. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 21Q from chapter: 4 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:45PM. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. Since the solution to 21Q from 4 chapter was answered, more than 361 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer.

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Solved: Locate each group on the periodic table and list the charge of the ions it tends