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Solved: Which statements are inconsistent with Dalton's

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 27P Chapter 4

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 27P

Which statements are inconsistent with Dalton's atomic theory as it was originally stated? Explain your answers.

(a) All carbon atoms are identical.

(b) Helium atoms can be split into two hydrogen atoms.

(c) An oxygen atom combines with 1.5 hydrogen atoms to form water molecules.

(d) Two oxygen atoms combine with a carbon atom to form carbon dioxide molecules.

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Solution 27P

Dalton’s theory is based on four postulates.These are as follows.

Each element is composed of small atoms which are indivisible and indestructible.All atoms of each element is identical.Atoms are neither created nor destroyed in a chemical reaction. This is indicated that atoms of one element can not be changed to atoms of another element by reaction.Compounds are formed when atoms of more than one element combine.

(a) All carbon atoms are identical.

This is consistent with  Dalton’s atomic theory. It states that atoms of one element is identical.

(b) Helium atoms can be split into two hydrogen atoms.

Theoretically it is  yes. He can be split into four H atoms.

He4----> 4 H1

But according to Dalton’s atomic theory, atoms are neither created...

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 4, Problem 27P is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

Since the solution to 27P from 4 chapter was answered, more than 1190 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 27P from chapter: 4 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:45PM. The answer to “Which statements are inconsistent with Dalton's atomic theory as it was originally stated? Explain your answers.(a) All carbon atoms are identical.(b) Helium atoms can be split into two hydrogen atoms.(c) An oxygen atom combines with 1.5 hydrogen atoms to form water molecules.(d) Two oxygen atoms combine with a carbon atom to form carbon dioxide molecules.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 55 words. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. This full solution covers the following key subjects: atoms, carbon, atom, Molecules, oxygen. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 19 chapters, and 2045 solutions.

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