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Which statements are inconsistent with Rutherford's

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 29P Chapter 4

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 29P

Which statements are inconsistent with Rutherford's nuclear theory as it was originally stated? Explain your answers.

(a) Helium atoms have two protons in the nucleus and two electrons outside the nucleus.

(b) Most of the volume of hydrogen atoms is due to the nucleus.

(c) Aluminum atoms have 13 protons in the nucleus and 22 electrons outside the nucleus.

(d) The majority of the mass of nitrogen atoms is due to their 7 electrons.

Step-by-Step Solution:

Solution 29P

Here, we are going to find which of the given statements are inconsistent with Rutherford’s nuclear theory.

Step 1:

Rutherford designed an experiment to know how the electrons were arranged inside an atom. In this experiment, fast moving alpha (α)-particles were made to fall on a thin gold foil.

On the basis of his experiment, Rutherford put forward the nuclear model of an atom, which had the following features:

There is a positively charged centre in an atom called the nucleus. Nearly all the mass of an atom resides in the nucleus.The electrons revolve around the nucleus in well-defined orbits. The size of the nucleus is very small as compared to the size of the atom.

Step 2 of 2

Chapter 4, Problem 29P is Solved
Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

The answer to “Which statements are inconsistent with Rutherford's nuclear theory as it was originally stated? Explain your answers.(a) Helium atoms have two protons in the nucleus and two electrons outside the nucleus.(b) Most of the volume of hydrogen atoms is due to the nucleus.(c) Aluminum atoms have 13 protons in the nucleus and 22 electrons outside the nucleus.(d) The majority of the mass of nitrogen atoms is due to their 7 electrons.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 70 words. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. This full solution covers the following key subjects: nucleus, atoms, electrons, outside, Protons. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 19 chapters, and 2045 solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. Since the solution to 29P from 4 chapter was answered, more than 322 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 29P from chapter: 4 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:45PM.

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