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Which statements are consistent with Rutherford's nuclear theory as it was originally

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 30P Chapter 4

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 30P

Problem 30P

Which statements are consistent with Rutherford's nuclear theory as it was originally stated? Explain your answers.

(a) Atomic nuclei are small compared to the size of atoms.

(b) The volume of an atom is mostly empty space.

(c) Neutral potassium atoms contain more protons than electrons.

(d) Neutral potassium atoms contain more neutrons than protons.

Step-by-Step Solution:

Problem 30P

Which statements are consistent with Rutherford's nuclear theory as it was originally stated? Explain your answers.

(a) Atomic nuclei are small compared to the size of atoms.

(b) The volume of an atom is mostly empty space.

(c) Neutral potassium atoms contain more protons than electrons.

(d) Neutral potassium atoms contain more neutrons than protons.

                                                       Step by Step Solution

Step 1 of 4

The postulates proposed by the nuclear theory of atom has three basic parts:

1.      Most of the atom’s mass and all of its positive charge are contained in a small core called the nucleus.

2.      Most of the volume of the atom is empty space through which the tiny, negatively charged electrons are dispersed.

3.      There are as many negatively charged electrons outside as there are positively charged (protons) inside the nucleus, so that the atom is electrically neutral.

a.     

Most of the atom’s mass and all of its positive charge are contained in a small core called the nucleus.

This proves that the atomic nuclei are small compared to the size of the atoms.

Therefore, the given statement is  consistent.

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Step 2 of 4

Chapter 4, Problem 30P is Solved
Step 3 of 4

Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

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Which statements are consistent with Rutherford's nuclear theory as it was originally