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Classify each element as a halogen, a noble gas, or

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 61P Chapter 4

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

4 5 1 353 Reviews
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3
Problem 61P

Classify each element as a halogen, a noble gas, or neither.

(a) Cl

(b) Kr

(c) F

(d) Ga

(e) He

Step-by-Step Solution:

Soultion 61P

Here, we are going to categorizes the following elements.

Step 1:

Periodic table is classified into four Blocks.

(i) s- block elements: it has 2 columns in the periodic table. This is because s orbital has maximum capacity of holding 2 electrons.

(ii) p-block elements :  it has 6 columns in the periodic table. This is because each set of p orbital has maximum capacity of holding 2 electrons. Total six electrons can hold by p orbitals.

(iii) d-block elements:it has 10 columns in the periodic table. This is because each set of d orbital has maximum capacity of holding 2 electrons. Total10 electrons can hold by d orbitals.

(iv) f-block elements: it has 14 columns in the periodic table. This is because each set of f orbital has maximum capacity of holding 2 electrons. Total 14 electrons can hold by f orbitals.

The placement of an element in the periodic table is characterized by its electronic configuration which is due to the position of that element.

Step 2:

Halogens are generally is known as salt producing element. Thus, Group 17 (Group VIIA) elements are called halogens. This is because, they are very reactive having oxidation state 1-. Due to this, halogens are not found in free form in nature.

Therefore, (a) Cl and (C) F are halogens.

Step 3 of 4

Chapter 4, Problem 61P is Solved
Step 4 of 4

Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

This full solution covers the following key subjects: classify, element, gas, halogen, neither. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 19 chapters, and 2045 solutions. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. Since the solution to 61P from 4 chapter was answered, more than 397 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 61P from chapter: 4 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:45PM. The answer to “Classify each element as a halogen, a noble gas, or neither.(a) Cl(b) Kr(c) F(d) Ga(e) He” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 16 words. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5.

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