Determine whether each statement is true or false. If false, correct it.
(a) The Fe2+ ion contains 29 protons and 26 electrons.
(b) The Cs+ ion contains 55 protons and 56 electrons.
(c) The Se2− ion contains 32 protons and 34 electrons.
(d) The Li+ ion contains 3 protons and 2 electrons.
Here, we are going to determine whether the given statements are true or false.
A neutral atom always has equal number of protons and electrons, i.e., in a neutral atom,
Number of protons = number of electrons
Ions are formed by the loss or gain of electrons. An ion is a charged particle and can be negatively or positively charged. A negatively charged ion is called an ‘anion’ and is formed by gain of electrons and the positively charged ion is called a ‘cation’ and is formed by the loss of electrons.
The number of charges in the ion indicate the number of electrons lost or gained.
For example, Na+ has one positive charge. Here, the positive charge indicates loss of electron and the number of charge (1) indicates loss of one electron.
Now, let us determine whether the given statements are true or false.The statement is false. The Fe2+ ion contains 26 protons and 24 electrons.
The atomic number of Fe is 26. This means that Fe atom has 26 protons. The two positive...