Name each ionic compound containing a polyatomic ion.(a)

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo Tro

Problem 65P Chapter 5

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 65P

Name each ionic compound containing a polyatomic ion.

(a) Ba(NO3)2

(b) Pb(C2H3O2)2

(c) NH4I

(d) KClO3

(e) COSO4

(f) NaClO4

Step-by-Step Solution:

Solution 65P

Step 1:

Here, we have to name ionic compound which contains a polyatomic ion. So, first let’s see what is a polyatomic ion.

An ionic compound is a substance formed from the chemical binding of elements with opposite charges. The force of attraction between opposite charges keeps the molecule together.  Simply put, Ionic compounds are generally combinations of metals and nonmetals where cations are metal ions and anions are nonmetal ions.

Example : Common table salt or Sodium chloride(NaCl), Silver iodide(AgI) .

A polyatomic ion is an ion that contains more than one atom, even if the atoms are of the same element.

Example: calcium carbonate consists of the monatomic ion Ca2+ and the polyatomic ion CO32− forming CaCO3. 

Let’s see the rules for naming the polyatomic ions :

From the formula for the polyatomic ion, find the charge of the metal. If an ionic compound starts with a metal that is not in Group 1 or Group 2, then the name must contain a Roman numeral, as those elements have multiple oxidation states. Write down the name of the metal with the roman numeral indicating the charge of the metal. We can instead add "-ous" to the transition metal name for the lower-charge state, and "-ic" for the higher charge.

 Example : Fe2+ becomes "Ferrous" and Fe3+ becomes "Ferric."

(Remember to only use the Roman numeral only when you're writing out the name, not writing the formula).

Write the name of the nonmetal ions and suffix with the “-ate” or “ite” depending on the number of oxygen atoms, skipping the last syllable in the name. Combine both the names and we get the name of the ionic compound with polyatomic ions.

Step 2 of 2

Chapter 5, Problem 65P is Solved
Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. This full solution covers the following key subjects: compound, containing, COSO, ion, ionic. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 19 chapters, and 2045 solutions. The answer to “Name each ionic compound containing a polyatomic ion.(a) Ba(NO3)2(b) Pb(C2H3O2)2(c) NH4I(d) KClO3(e) COSO4(f) NaClO4” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 14 words. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 65P from chapter: 5 was answered by Patricia, our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:45PM. Introductory Chemistry was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. Since the solution to 65P from 5 chapter was answered, more than 243 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer.

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