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Name the following alkanes and haloalkanes. When two or

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr ISBN: 9780321768414 33

Solution for problem 2P Chapter 3

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

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Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

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Problem 2P

Name the following alkanes and haloalkanes. When two or more substituents are present, list them in alphabetical order.

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Solution 2P

(a)

The structure of the alkane is as follows;

The longest carbon chain contains five carbon atoms, so this compound named as a pentane. There is one methyl group on C3.

Therefore, the IUPAC name of alkane is 3-methylpentane.

(b)

The structure of the haloalkane is as follows;

The longest carbon chain contains five carbon atoms so this compound names as a pentane. Numbering from left to right gives the first branch on C2, whereas numbering from right to left gives the first branch on C3, so we numbering from left to right.

There is one methyl group on C3 and bromine on C2.

Therefore, the IUPAC name of halo alkane is 2-bromo-3-methylpentane.

(c)

The structure of the alkane is as follows;

The...

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 3, Problem 2P is Solved
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Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: L.G. Wade Jr
ISBN: 9780321768414

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