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Provide IUPAC names for the following compounds.

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr ISBN: 9780321768414 33

Solution for problem 4P Chapter 3

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

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Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

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Problem 4P

Provide IUPAC names for the following compounds.

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Solution 4P

(a)        The longest carbon chain contains four carbon atoms, so this compound is named as butane. Numbering from left to right gives the branch on C2; numbering from right to left gives the branch on C3, so we number from left to right.

There is one methyl group on C2. Hence, the name of compound is 2-Methylbutane

(b)        The longest carbon chain contains three carbon atoms, so this compound is name as propane. Numbering from left to right (or right to left) gives the branch on C2;

There are two methyl groups on C2. These two groups will be listed as 2, 2-dimethyl.

Hence, the name of the compound is 2, 2-dimethyl

(c)        The longest carbon chain contains six carbon atoms, so this compound is named as hexane. Numbering from left to right gives the first branch on C2; numbering from right to left gives the first branch on C4, so we number from left to right.

There is one methyl group on C2 and one ethyl group on C3. Listing the ethyl group and methyl groups alphabetically, we have 3-ethyl-2-Methylhexane



(d)        The longest carbon chain contains six carbon atoms, so this compound is named as hexane. Numbering from left to right gives the first branch on C2; numbering from right to left gives the first branch on C3, so we number from left to right.

There are two methyl groups on C2 and C4. These two groups will be listed as 2, 4-dimethyl. Hence, the name of the compound is 2,4-dimethylhexane

(e)        The longest carbon chain contains six carbon atoms, so this compound is named as hexane. There are four methyl groups; two one C2, one on C4 and one C5. These four groups will be listed as 2, 2, 4, 5-tetramethyl . . . . . There is ethyl group on C3. Listing the ethyl group and the methyl groups alphabetically,

We have 3-ethyl-2, 2, 4, 5-tetramethylhexane

(f)         The longest carbon chain contains seven carbon atoms, so this compound is named as heptane. There is one methyl group on C3 and one t-butyl group on C4.

Listing the t-butyl group and the methyl groups alphabetically.

Hence, the given compound name is 4-t-butyl-3-Methylheptane.

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 3, Problem 4P is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: L.G. Wade Jr
ISBN: 9780321768414

The answer to “?Provide IUPAC names for the following compounds.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 7 words. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 4P from chapter: 3 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:41PM. Since the solution to 4P from 3 chapter was answered, more than 420 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 8. This full solution covers the following key subjects: compounds, IUPAC, Names, provide. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 25 chapters, and 1336 solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321768414.

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Provide IUPAC names for the following compounds.