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All of the following names are incorrect or incomplete. In

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr ISBN: 9780321768414 33

Solution for problem 5P Chapter 3

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

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Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

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Problem 5P

All of the following names are incorrect or incomplete. In each case, draw the structure (or a possible structure) and name it correctly.

(a) 2-methylethylpentane

(b) 2-ethyl-3-methylpentane

(c) 3-dimethylhexane

(d) 4-isobutylheptane

(e) 2-bromo-3-ethylbutane

(f) 2-diethyl-3-methylhexane

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Answers:

(a) 2-methylethyl pentane

The name of the compound given is 2-methylethyl pentane.

The given name is incorrect as the substituent (-CH3,-C2H5) on the main carbon atom should be named according to alphabetical order that is it should be ethyl methyl pentane .

Also the location of one of the substituent on the main carbon atoms is not mentioned .

As both the methyl and ethyl groups (-CH3,-C2H5)are bonded to second carbon atom ,the correct name will be 2,2-ethyl methyl pentane .

(b) 2-ethyl-3-methylpentane

The name of the compound given is 2-ethyl-3-methylpentane .

The given name is incorrect because according to IUPAC rules we have to select the longest chain so the longest chain according this is shown in the figure .so the longest chain is hexane molecule

(c) 3-dimethylhexane

The name of the compound is given as 3-dimethylhexane.

The given name is incorrect because according to IUPAC rules every substituent should be counted and here one methyl group is not counted so the correct naming is 3,3-dimethyl hexane .

(d) 4-isobutyl heptane

The name of the compound given is 4-isobutyl heptane.

 The...

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 3, Problem 5P is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: L.G. Wade Jr
ISBN: 9780321768414

This full solution covers the following key subjects: structure, methylethylpentane, isobutylheptane, incomplete, dimethylhexane. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 25 chapters, and 1336 solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321768414. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 5P from chapter: 3 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:41PM. Since the solution to 5P from 3 chapter was answered, more than 612 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 8. The answer to “All of the following names are incorrect or incomplete. In each case, draw the structure (or a possible structure) and name it correctly.(a) 2-methylethylpentane(b) 2-ethyl-3-methylpentane(c) 3-dimethylhexane(d) 4-isobutylheptane(e) 2-bromo-3-ethylbutane(f) 2-diethyl-3-methylhexane” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 29 words.

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