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Each of the following proposed mechanisms for the

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr ISBN: 9780321768414 33

Solution for problem 3P Chapter 4

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

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Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

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Problem 3P

Each of the following proposed mechanisms for the free-radical chlorination of methane is

wrong. Explain how the experimental evidence disproves each mechanism.

CI2 + hv C(an “activated” form of CI2)

        C+ CH4HCI + CH3CI

CH4 + hv .CH3 + H.

        .CH3 + CI2 CH3CI + CI

        CI. + H. HCI

Step-by-Step Solution:

Solution 3P:

Here, we are going to describe about the experimental evidence for each mechanism.

Step 1: (a)

It requires only one photon of light to generate CH3Cl. Thus the quantum yield for the reaction is only 1.0.

Quantum yield =

But, in actual, the quantum yield is so high which is more than several hundred. Thus, the high quantum yield indicates about a chain reaction.

Therefore, the above reaction is not a chain reaction. It has no propagation steps.

Step 2 of 2

Chapter 4, Problem 3P is Solved
Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: L.G. Wade Jr
ISBN: 9780321768414

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 8. This full solution covers the following key subjects: Chlorination, disproves, Evidence, experimental, explain. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 25 chapters, and 1336 solutions. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 3P from chapter: 4 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:41PM. The answer to “?Each of the following proposed mechanisms for the free-radical chlorination of methane iswrong. Explain how the experimental evidence disproves each mechanism.1. CI2 + hv C(an “activated” form of CI2) C+ CH4HCI + CH3CI 2. CH4 + hv .CH3 + H. .CH3 + CI2 CH3CI + CI CI. + H. HCI” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 50 words. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321768414. Since the solution to 3P from 4 chapter was answered, more than 501 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer.

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Each of the following proposed mechanisms for the