Each of the following proposed mechanisms for the free-radical chlorination of methane is wrong. Explain how the experimental evidence disproves each mechanism.
Here, we are going to describe about the experimental evidence for each mechanism.
Step 1: (a)
It requires only one photon of light to generate CH3Cl. Thus the quantum yield for the reaction is only 1.0.
Quantum yield =
But, in actual, the quantum yield is so high which is more than several hundred. Thus, the high quantum yield indicates about a chain reaction.
Therefore, the above reaction is not a chain reaction. It has no propagation steps.
Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Author: L.G. Wade Jr
This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 8. This full solution covers the following key subjects: Chlorination, disproves, Evidence, experimental, explain. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 25 chapters, and 1336 solutions. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 3P from chapter: 4 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:41PM. The answer to “Each of the following proposed mechanisms for the free-radical chlorination of methane is wrong. Explain how the experimental evidence disproves each mechanism.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 22 words. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321768414. Since the solution to 3P from 4 chapter was answered, more than 394 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer.