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(a) Draw a reaction-energy diagram for the following

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr ISBN: 9780321768414 33

Solution for problem 15P Chapter 4

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

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Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

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Problem 15P Draw a reaction-energy diagram for the following reaction:

\(\mathrm{CH}_{3}+\mathrm{Cl}_{2} \rightarrow \mathrm{CH}_{3} \mathrm{Cl}+\mathrm{Cl}\)

The activation energy is \(4 \mathrm{~kJ} \mathrm{~mol}(1 \mathrm{kcal} \mathrm{mol})\), and the overall \(\Delta H^{\circ}\) for the reaction is  \(-109 \mathrm{~kJ} / \mathrm{mol}(-26 \mathrm{kcal} / \mathrm{mol})\)

Give the equation for the reverse reaction.What is the activation energy for the reverse reaction?

Equation Transcription:

Text Transcription:

CH3+Cl2CH3Cl+Cl

4 kJ mol (1 kcal mol)

\Delta H^\circ

-109 kJ/mol (-26 kcal/mol)

Step-by-Step Solution:

Solution 15P :

Step 1:

(a) Draw a reaction-energy diagram for the following reaction:

The activation energy is 4 kJ/mol (1 kcal/mol), and the overall Ho for the reaction is

-109 kJ/mol (-26 kcal/mol).

Reaction energy diagram is the graph of reaction progress versus energy. The vertical axis represents the overall energy of the reactants and the horizontal axis represents the reaction progress.

The above reaction is a propagation reaction, as we see a radical(•CH3) in the reactant has reacted to form a free radical in the product(Cl•) . The reaction energy diagram for the above reaction is as shown below:

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 4, Problem 15P is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: L.G. Wade Jr
ISBN: 9780321768414

Since the solution to 15P from 4 chapter was answered, more than 756 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 15P from chapter: 4 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:41PM. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 8. The answer to “?1. Draw a reaction-energy diagram for the following reaction:\(\mathrm{CH}_{3}+\mathrm{Cl}_{2} \rightarrow \mathrm{CH}_{3} \mathrm{Cl}+\mathrm{Cl}\)The activation energy is \(4 \mathrm{~kJ} \mathrm{~mol}(1 \mathrm{kcal} \mathrm{mol})\), and the overall \(\Delta H^{\circ}\) for the reaction is \(-109 \mathrm{~kJ} / \mathrm{mol}(-26 \mathrm{kcal} / \mathrm{mol})\)2. Give the equation for the reverse reaction.3. What is the activation energy for the reverse reaction?Equation Transcription:Text Transcription:CH3+Cl2CH3Cl+Cl4 kJ mol (1 kcal mol)\Delta H^\circ-109 kJ/mol (-26 kcal/mol)” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 63 words. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321768414. This full solution covers the following key subjects: reaction, mol, Energy, Activation, kcal. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 25 chapters, and 1336 solutions.

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(a) Draw a reaction-energy diagram for the following