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The bromination of methane proceeds through the following

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr ISBN: 9780321768414 33

Solution for problem 16P Chapter 4

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

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Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

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Problem 16P

The bromination of methane proceeds through the following steps:

(a) Draw a complete reaction-energy diagram for this reaction.

(b) Label the rate-limiting step.

(c) Draw the structure of each transition state.

(d) Compute the overall value of ΔH° for the bromination.

Step-by-Step Solution:

Solution 16P :

Step 1:

The bromination of methane proceeds through the following steps:

(a) Draw a complete reaction-energy diagram for this reaction :

Step 2:

                        

(b) Label the rate-limiting step :

Rate limiting step is also called as the rate determining step. It is a step in a multistep reaction, that controls the overall reaction rate. The step leading to the highest energy is rate limiting. The highest energy point in the diagram is usually the transition state and it is the rate limiting step. Here, the rate limiting step is :

        CH4 + Br • → HBr +  • CH3

Step 3 of 4

Chapter 4, Problem 16P is Solved
Step 4 of 4

Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: L.G. Wade Jr
ISBN: 9780321768414

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The bromination of methane proceeds through the following

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