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Treatment of tert-butyl alcohol with concentrated HCl

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr ISBN: 9780321768414 33

Solution for problem 38SP Chapter 4

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

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Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

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Problem 38SP

Treatment of tert-butyl alcohol with concentrated HCl gives tert-butyl chloride.

When the concentration of H+ is doubled, the reaction rate doubles. When the concentration of tert-butyl alcohol is tripled, the reaction rate triples. When the chloride ion concentration is quadrupled, however, the reaction rate is unchanged. Write the rate equation for this reaction.

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Solution 38SP:

Here, we are going to write the rate equation for this reaction.

Step1:

The rate of the reaction is:

Rate = Kr [(CH3)3 C-OH]...

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 4, Problem 38SP is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: L.G. Wade Jr
ISBN: 9780321768414

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Treatment of tert-butyl alcohol with concentrated HCl