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When a small amount of iodine is added to a mixture of

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr ISBN: 9780321768414 33

Solution for problem 53SP Chapter 4

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

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Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780321768414 | Authors: L.G. Wade Jr

Organic Chemistry | 8th Edition

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Problem 53SP

When a small amount of iodine is added to a mixture of chlorine and methane, it prevents chlorination from occurring. Therefore, iodine is a free-radical inhibitor for this reaction. Calculate  values for the possible reactions of iodine with species present in the chlorination of methane, and use these values to explain why iodine inhibits the reaction. (The I-Cl bond-dissociation enthalpy is 211 kJ mol or 50 kcal mol.)

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Given:

 Bond-dissociation enthalpy of I-Cl bond is 211 kJ mol or 50 kcal mol.

Step-1

Chlorination of methane can be carried out as follows:-

Cl.  + H-CH3H-Cl + .CH3      = +4 KJ/mole

      (435)    (104)    (431)  (103)

The bond dissociation energy of H and CH3 in H-CH3 is 435 and 104.

Cl-Cl  +  .CH3Cl-CH3 + Cl.  =...

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 4, Problem 53SP is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Organic Chemistry
Edition: 8
Author: L.G. Wade Jr
ISBN: 9780321768414

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 8. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 53SP from chapter: 4 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:41PM. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321768414. The answer to “When a small amount of iodine is added to a mixture of chlorine and methane, it prevents chlorination from occurring. Therefore, iodine is a free-radical inhibitor for this reaction. Calculate values for the possible reactions of iodine with species present in the chlorination of methane, and use these values to explain why iodine inhibits the reaction. (The I-Cl bond-dissociation enthalpy is 211 kJ mol or 50 kcal mol.)” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 68 words. Since the solution to 53SP from 4 chapter was answered, more than 400 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. This full solution covers the following key subjects: iodine, mol, reaction, values, Chlorination. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 25 chapters, and 1336 solutions.

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