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These compounds are found in many natural flavors and

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 93P Chapter 6

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 93P

These compounds are found in many natural flavors and scents. Calculate the empirical formula for each compound.

(a) ethyl butyrate (pineapple oil): C, 62.04%; H, 10.41%; O, 27.55%

(b) methyl butyrate (apple flavor): C, 58.80%; H, 9.87%; O, 31.33%

(c) benzyl acetate (oil of jasmine): C, 71.98%; H, 6.71%; O, 21.31%

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 2 of 3

Solution 93P

Here, we are going to calculate the empirical formula for the given compounds.

Step1:

Empirical formula gives the simplest ratio of elements in a compound.

Step2:

In order to determine the whole number ratio of C, H and O in the formula, the following table is drawn:

Element

%

Relative number of atoms(% / atomic mass)

Simple ratio

Whole number ratio

C

62.04

62.04/12 = 5.17

5.17/1.72 = 3.01

3

H

10.41

10.41/1 = 10.41

10.41/1.72 = 6.05

6

O

27.55

27.55/16 = 1.72

1.72/1.72 = 1

1

Hence, empirical formula of ethyl butyrate(pineapple oil) is C3H6O.

Step 3 of 3

Chapter 6, Problem 93P is Solved
Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

Since the solution to 93P from 6 chapter was answered, more than 1836 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. This full solution covers the following key subjects: butyrate, oil, flavors, acetate, calculate. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 19 chapters, and 2045 solutions. The answer to “These compounds are found in many natural flavors and scents. Calculate the empirical formula for each compound.(a) ethyl butyrate (pineapple oil): C, 62.04%; H, 10.41%; O, 27.55%(b) methyl butyrate (apple flavor): C, 58.80%; H, 9.87%; O, 31.33%(c) benzyl acetate (oil of jasmine): C, 71.98%; H, 6.71%; O, 21.31%” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 48 words. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 93P from chapter: 6 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:45PM. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5.

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