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What is an acid-base reaction? List an example and identify the acid and the base

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 17Q Chapter 7

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 17Q

PROBLEM 17Q

What is an acid-base reaction? List an example and identify the acid and the base.

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Solution 17Q

Acid-Base reaction is a chemical reaction where an acid and base are participate together. They interact with each other to neutralise the properties of acid and base by producing a salt and water. The acid-base reaction is represented as follows.

Acid (aq)  + Base (base)  ------> salt + Water

For example: The reaction between sulfuric acid (H2SO4) and Potassium hydroxide (KOH) produces potassium sulfate ( K2SO4) and water.

H2SO4(aq) + 2KOH(aq) ------> K2SO4 (aq) + H2O(l) -----(1)

Acid                 Base                     Salt                 Water

Here, Acid is a substance which  produces H+ or H3O+ ions in aqueous solution whereas  base is substance which produces OH- ions in aqueous solution.

Therefore,

H2SO4(aq) ------>H+(aq) + HSO4-(aq)

HSO4-(aq)-------> H+(aq) + SO42-(aq)

So, in the above reaction H2SO4(aq) is an acid.

Similarly,

KOH(aq) ----->K+(aq) + OH-(aq)

So, in the above reaction KOH(aq) is a base.

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 7, Problem 17Q is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

Since the solution to 17Q from 7 chapter was answered, more than 345 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 17Q from chapter: 7 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:45PM. This full solution covers the following key subjects: acid, base, identify, Example, list. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 19 chapters, and 2046 solutions. The answer to “What is an acid-base reaction? List an example and identify the acid and the base.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 15 words.

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