A solution contains one or more of the following ions: Ag+, Ca2+, and Cu2+. When sodium chloride is added to the solution, no precipitate occurs. When sodium sulfate is added to the solution, a white precipitate occurs. The precipitate is filtered off and sodium carbonate is added to the remaining solution, producing a precipitate. Which ions were present in the original solution? Write net ionic equations for the formation of each of the precipitates observed.
Add NaCl - no precipitate has formed - Conclusion : Ag+ not present.
Add Na2SO4 with Ca2+ - white precipitate was formed. Hence Ca2+ ion is present in the solution.
The net ionic equation is,
Ca2+(aq) + SO4 2- (aq) → CaSO4(s)