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The quantum-mechanical model, besides revolution­izing chemistry, shook the

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 114P Chapter 9

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 114P

PROBLEM 114P

The quantum-mechanical model, besides revolution­izing chemistry, shook the philosophical world because of its implications regarding determinism. Determinism is the idea that the outcomes of future events are deter­mined by preceding events. The trajectory of a baseball, for example, is deterministic; that is, its trajectory—and therefore its landing place—is determined by its position, speed, and direction of travel. Before quantum mechanics, most scientists thought that fundamental particles—such as electrons and protons—also behaved deterministically. The implication of this belief was that the entire universe must behave deterministically—the future must be deter­mined by preceding events. Quantum mechanics chal­lenged this reasoning because fundamental particles do not behave deterministically—their future paths are not determined by preceding events. Some scientists strug­gled with this idea. Einstein himself refused to believe it, stating, "God does not play dice with the universe." Explain what Einstein meant by this statement.

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Solution 114P

Here, we are going to explain what einstein meant by the given statement.

Einstein of course believed in mathematical laws of nature, so his idea of a God was at best someone who formulated the laws and then left the universe alone to evolve according to these laws. He saw the hand of God in the precise nature of physical laws, in their mathematical beauty and elegance, and in their simplicity. To him, the very fact that there were natural laws that the human mind could discover was evidence of a God, not a God who superseded these laws but one who created them. Thus his use of the word God is to be interpreted as the existence of natural laws of great mathematical beauty, whatever form they might take.

This brings us to the second part of Einstein’s statement, the part about not playing dice. This relates to Einstein’s reaction to the part of Nature described by Quantum Mechanics, which is undoubtedly one of the pillars of modern physics. He felt that natural laws could not be like the throw of dice, with inherent randomness or probability. But this is exactly what Quantum Mechanics tells us – that at the fundamental level Nature is inherently random, codified in Heisenberg’s famous Uncertainty Principle.

                                

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Chapter 9, Problem 114P is Solved
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

This full solution covers the following key subjects: deterministically, Events, its, Future, quantum. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 19 chapters, and 2046 solutions. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. The answer to “The quantum-mechanical model, besides revolution­izing chemistry, shook the philosophical world because of its implications regarding determinism. Determinism is the idea that the outcomes of future events are deter­mined by preceding events. The trajectory of a baseball, for example, is deterministic; that is, its trajectory—and therefore its landing place—is determined by its position, speed, and direction of travel. Before quantum mechanics, most scientists thought that fundamental particles—such as electrons and protons—also behaved deterministically. The implication of this belief was that the entire universe must behave deterministically—the future must be deter­mined by preceding events. Quantum mechanics chal­lenged this reasoning because fundamental particles do not behave deterministically—their future paths are not determined by preceding events. Some scientists strug­gled with this idea. Einstein himself refused to believe it, stating, "God does not play dice with the universe." Explain what Einstein meant by this statement.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 140 words. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 114P from chapter: 9 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:45PM. Since the solution to 114P from 9 chapter was answered, more than 612 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5.

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The quantum-mechanical model, besides revolution­izing chemistry, shook the