Explain the periodic trends in each chemical property.(a)

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo Tro

Problem 28Q Chapter 9

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

  • 2901 Step-by-step solutions solved by professors and subject experts
  • Get 24/7 help from StudySoup virtual teaching assistants
Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

4 5 0 233 Reviews
20
5
Problem 28Q

PROBLEM 28Q

Explain the periodic trends in each chemical property.

(a) ionization energy

(b) atomic size

(c) metallic character

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Solution 28Q

Periodic trends are specific patterns that are present in the periodic table that illustrate different aspects of a certain element, including its size and its electronic properties. Major periodic trends include: electronegativity, ionization energy, electron affinity, atomic radius, melting point, and metallic character. Periodic trends, arising from the arrangement of the periodic table, provide chemists with an invaluable tool to quickly predict an element's properties. These trends exist because of the similar atomic structure of the elements within their respective group families or periods, and because of the periodic nature of the elements.

Ionization energy:

The ionization potential is the minimum amount of energy required to remove one electron from each atom in a mole of atoms in the gaseous state. The first ionization energy is the energy required to remove two, the ionization energy is the energy required to remove the atom's nth electron, after the (n−1) electrons before it has been removed. Trend-wise, ionization energy tends to increase while one progresses across a period because the greater number of protons (higher nuclear charge) attract the orbiting electrons more strongly, thereby increasing the energy required to remove one of the electrons. Ionization energy and ionization potentials are completely different. The potential is an intensive property and it is measured by "volt"; whereas the energy is an extensive property expressed by "eV" or "kJ/mole".

As one progresses down a group on the periodic table, the ionization energy will likely decrease since the valence electrons are farther away from the nucleus and experience a weaker attraction to the nucleus's positive charge. There will be an increase of ionization energy from left to right of a given period and a decrease from top to bottom....

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 9, Problem 28Q is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

This full solution covers the following key subjects: atomic, character, chemical, Energy, explain. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 19 chapters, and 2045 solutions. The answer to “Explain the periodic trends in each chemical property.(a) ionization energy(b) atomic size(c) metallic character” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 14 words. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 28Q from chapter: 9 was answered by Patricia, our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:45PM. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. Introductory Chemistry was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. Since the solution to 28Q from 9 chapter was answered, more than 302 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer.

×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to Introductory Chemistry - 5 Edition - Chapter 9 - Problem 28q

Forgot password? Reset password here

Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to Introductory Chemistry - 5 Edition - Chapter 9 - Problem 28q
Join with Email
Already have an account? Login here
Reset your password

I don't want to reset my password

Need help? Contact support

Need an Account? Is not associated with an account
Sign up
We're here to help

Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or support@studysoup.com

Got it, thanks!
Password Reset Request Sent An email has been sent to the email address associated to your account. Follow the link in the email to reset your password. If you're having trouble finding our email please check your spam folder
Got it, thanks!
Already have an Account? Is already in use
Log in
Incorrect Password The password used to log in with this account is incorrect
Try Again

Forgot password? Reset it here