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Solved: If all of the electron groups around a central atom are bonding groups (that is

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 14Q Chapter 10

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 14Q

PROBLEM 14Q

If all of the electron groups around a central atom are bonding groups (that is, there are no lone pairs), what is the molecular geometry for:

(a) two electron groups

(b) three electron groups

(c) four electron groups

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Solution 14Q

The molecular geometry of a molecule depends on (i)  number of electron group around the central atom (ii) Number of bonding groups and lone pairs.

(a) two electron groups

Both the electron group is bonding pair electron.

The geometry of the molecule having two electron groups is Linear.

For example: BeH2, HCN and CO2

(b) three electron groups

Three  electron groups are bonding pair of electrons.

The geometry of the molecule having three electron groups is Trigonal Planar.

For example: COCl2, CO32-

(c) four electron groups

Here, Four electron groups are bonding pair of electrons.

The geometry of the molecule having four electron groups is Tetrahedral.

For example: CH4,

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 10, Problem 14Q is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

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Solved: If all of the electron groups around a central atom are bonding groups (that is