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What is the difference between electron geometry and molecular geometiy in VSEPR theory?

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 16Q Chapter 10

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 16Q

PROBLEM 16Q

What is the difference between electron geometry and molecular geometiy in VSEPR theory?

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Solution 16Q

The difference between electron geometry and molecular geometry in VSEPR theory is given below.

Electron geometry is determined by number of electron groups present in the molecule.

For example:

Electron groups

Electron Geometry

2

linear

3

Trigonal planar

4

tetrahedral

5

Trigonal bipyramidal

6

octahedral.

On the other hand, molecular geometry is dependent on the number of electron groups, as  well as  the number of lone pairs. The electron geometry and molecular geometry ar same when there are no lone pair of electrons.

For example:

Electron Groups

Electron group geometry

No of lone pair electrons

Molecular geometry

2

Linear

1

Linear

3

Trigonal planar

0

Trigonal planar(CO32-)

3

1

Bent (O3)

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 10, Problem 16Q is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

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What is the difference between electron geometry and molecular geometiy in VSEPR theory?