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Determine the molecular geometry of each polyatomic ion.(a) CO32?(b) ClO2?(c) NO3?(d)

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 75P Chapter 10

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 75P

PROBLEM 75P

Determine the molecular geometry of each polyatomic ion.

(a) CO32−

(b) ClO2−

(c) NO3−

(d) NH4+

Step-by-Step Solution:

Problem 75P

Determine the molecular geometry of each polyatomic ion.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

                                                              Step by Step Solution

Step 1 of 4

The three dimensional arrangement of atoms in a molecule is called molecular geometry.

Number of electrons around the central atom in its Lewis structure helps to predict the geometry of the molecule or ion.

Geometry of the ion or molecule is mainly predicted by the number of lone pairs and bond pairs around the atom.

The given ion - .

The structure of the given ion is as follows.

                                   

The central atom's carbon and it has 3 electron groups all are bonding.

Hence, central atoms have 3 electron groups and 3 bonding pairs.

Therefore, geometry of the molecule is trigonal planar.

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Step 2 of 4

Chapter 10, Problem 75P is Solved
Step 3 of 4

Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

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Determine the molecular geometry of each polyatomic ion.(a) CO32?(b) ClO2?(c) NO3?(d)