×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to Chemistry - Textbook Survival Guide
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to Chemistry - Textbook Survival Guide

Classify each molecule as polar or nonpolar.(a) CS2(b)

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 89P Chapter 10

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

  • Textbook Solutions
  • 2901 Step-by-step solutions solved by professors and subject experts
  • Get 24/7 help from StudySoup virtual teaching assistants
Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

4 5 0 419 Reviews
25
2
Problem 89P

PROBLEM 89P

Classify each molecule as polar or nonpolar.

(a) CS2

(b) SO2

(c) CH4

(d) CH3Cl

Step-by-Step Solution:

Solution 89P

Here, we are going to classify the given molecules as polar or nonpolar..

Step 1:

In case of heteronuclear molecules(containing different atoms), the shared electron pair between the two atoms gets displaced more towards the more electronegative atom. The resultant covalent bond is called polar covalent bond. 

As a result of polarisation, the molecule possesses the dipole moment which can be defined as the product of the magnitude of the charge and the distance between the centres of positive and negative charge. Further, dipole moment is depicted by a small arrow with tail on the positive centre and head pointing towards negative centre.

On the other hand, when covalent bond is formed between two similar atoms, for example, in H2, O2, Cl2 or N2, the shared pair of electron is equally attracted by the two atoms. As a result, the electron pair is situated exactly in between the two identical nuclei. The bond so formed is called nonpolar covalent bond.

Step 2:

CS2

The structure of CS2 molecule is given below:

                                

CS2 molecule is a linear molecule with 2 sulfur atoms attached to both ends through double bond. Both the sulfur atoms are symmetrically arranged. Polarity  results from an unequal sharing of valence electrons but due to the symmetrical arrangement of sulfur atoms, there is no region of unequal sharing in CS2 and hence, it is nonpolar.

Step 3:

c)        SO2

The structure of SO2 molecule is given below:

                        

SO2 molecule is a bent shaped molecule with 2 oxygen atoms attached to both ends through double bond at an angle 0f 119o. Due, to this unsymmetrical arrangement in the molecule, a region of unequal sharing arises.The oxygen atoms at the bottom are more electronegative compared to the top where the lone pair of electron is. Hence, the molecule is polar.

Step 4 of 5

Chapter 10, Problem 89P is Solved
Step 5 of 5

Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

Since the solution to 89P from 10 chapter was answered, more than 978 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. The answer to “Classify each molecule as polar or nonpolar.(a) CS2(b) SO2(c) CH4(d) CH3Cl” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 11 words. This full solution covers the following key subjects: classify, molecule, nonpolar, polar. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 19 chapters, and 2045 solutions. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 89P from chapter: 10 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:45PM. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5.

Unlock Textbook Solution

Enter your email below to unlock your verified solution to:

Classify each molecule as polar or nonpolar.(a) CS2(b)

×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to Chemistry - Textbook Survival Guide
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to Chemistry - Textbook Survival Guide
×
Reset your password