Write the Lewis structure for CH3COH and determine whether the molecule is polar. Draw the three-dimensional structure of the molecule. The skeletal structure is:
Here, we have to write the Lewis structure for CH3COH and determine whether the molecule is polar and also Draw the three-dimensional structure of the molecule.
The given skeletal structure is:
CH3COH is commonly known as ethanol. It has IUPAC name of Acetaldehyde. Acetaldehyde occurs naturally in coffee, bread, and ripe fruit and is produced by plants. It is also produced by the partial oxidation of ethanol by the liver enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase and may be a contributing factor to hangovers from alcohol consumption.
The lewis structure of Acetaldehyde is given below :
A bond is Polar if there is no even distribution of electrons between the atoms. A bond is Nonpolar if the electrons between the atoms are evenly distributed.
For a molecule one must look at all ends of the molecule and if there is any end that is more negative than the rest of the molecule then the molecule is Polar; if the electrons are spread out evenly throughout the entire molecule then it is Non-Polar.
Acetaldehyde is polar because there are unbonded electrons on the O atom because of which the right side of the molecule is more electronegative than the left.